DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

CRANKCASE VENTILATION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Fig. 663: View Of Crankcase Ventilation System Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP.

A crankcase ventilation system is used to consume crankcase vapors created during the combustion process instead of venting them to the atmosphere.

Fresh air is supplied through a filter to the crankcase, the crankcase mixes the fresh air with the blow-by gases and then passed through a positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) orificed tube (5) into the intake manifold (3).

The PCV orificed tube (5) restricts the flow rate of the blow-by gases using a 2.5 mm (0.098 in) orifice located in the camshaft cover tube (5). If abnormal operating conditions arise, the system is designed to allow excessive amounts of blow-by gases to back flow through the crankcase ventilation fresh air tube (6) into the air cleaner resonator (1) in order to be consumed by normal combustion.

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