CRANKCASE VENTILATION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Fig. 663: View Of Crankcase Ventilation System Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP.
A crankcase ventilation system is used to consume crankcase vapors created during the combustion process instead of venting them to the atmosphere.
Fresh air is supplied through a filter to the crankcase, the crankcase mixes the fresh air with the blow-by gases and then passed through a positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) orificed tube (5) into the intake manifold (3).
The PCV orificed tube (5) restricts the flow rate of the blow-by gases using a 2.5 mm (0.098 in) orifice located in the camshaft cover tube (5). If abnormal operating conditions arise, the system is designed to allow excessive amounts of blow-by gases to back flow through the crankcase ventilation fresh air tube (6) into the air cleaner resonator (1) in order to be consumed by normal combustion.